Lit., went along beside, along the stretches of standing grain. Without these all the rest is heartless and an empty performance. the Messiah has to rule even over the Sabbath, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rbc/mark-2.html. References: Mark 2:23.—G. BibliographyCoffman, James Burton. "Commentary on Mark 2:23". This was the vision of Jesus – but the condition of its happening was also clear: In the Book of Leviticus, and even more so in the mind of Jesus, Jubilee abundance was a factor of conversion, of fidelity, of assurance in the providential love of God. Jesus knew the history of his people was not constrained by it. Renewal 1960. His disciples began. The Pharisees do not accuse the disciples of damaging property, or of making a path on the Sabbath; it is the plucking (to which Lk. It illustrated God’s response to the hunger of the Israelites during their wanderings in the Sinai Peninsula, when they were fed with Manna. It was also linked with the exodus: “Remember that you were a slave in the land of Egypt, and the Lord your God brought you out from there with a mighty hand and an outstretched arm; therefore the Lord your God commanded you to keep the sabbath day” (Deuteronomy 5:15). Follow either of the two large buttons below to see these verses in their broader context of the King James Bible or a Bible concordance. Mark 2:23 Translation & Meaning. It seems intended to combine the ideas of going through and alongside. See notes on Matthew 12:1-8 for discussion of this passage, parallel also in Luke 6:15. All positive laws must yield to man's necessities. So with grapes (Deuteronomy 23:24). Broadman Press 1932,33. Compare App-92. As they were walking along their way some of the disciples picked off some ears of grain. "Vincent's Word Studies in the New Testament". Mark 2:23. Ver. [⇑ See verse text ⇑] Sabbath" or Shabbat is from the Hebrew root word shin-beit-tav meaning "to cease, end, or rest." The:), could not have made a way by plucking the heads of the grain. Mark 2:23. AHebreism. And it came to pass The Vulgate Latin adds, "again"; and so Beza says it was read in one of his copies: that he went through the corn fields on the sabbath day, and his disciples began, as they went, to pluck the ears of corn, and to rub them, and get the grain out of them, and eat them; (See Gill on Matthew 12:1). Indeed, God was honoured and worshipped simply by resting from work. 1832. In classic Greek it means to make a road = viam sternere, ὁδὸν ποιεῖσθαι meaning to make way = iter facere. BibliographyNicoll, William R. "Commentary on Mark 2:23". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ice/mark-2.html. Quotes available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. The French philosopher Pascal once wrote, "Men never do evil so completely and cheerfully as when they do it from religious conviction." "Commentary on Mark 2:23". The poverty, the low estate and condition, of Christ's own disciples in this world; they wanted bread, and are forced to pluck the ears of corn to satisfy their hunger. Proud member Then he said to them, "The sabbath was made for humankind, and not humankind for the sabbath; so the Son of Man is lord even of the sabbath. This change of focus was not a claim that the disciples’ actions were motivated by hunger. And no man putteth new wine into old bottles: else the new wine doth burst the bottles, and the wine is spilled, and the bottles will be marred: but new wine must be put into new bottles. from Xenophon (the romancer)’s Ephesiaca and from Polyænus). Indeed, the claim could be a profound statement of the faith of Mark. Sabbath observance was linked with the creation: “And on the seventh day God finished the work that he had done, and he rested on the seventh day from all the work that he had done. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/mark-2.html. 24  And the Pharisees said unto him, Behold, why do they on the sabbath day that which is not lawful? See notes on Matthew 12:1-8. knows nothing of this hunger, and that the eating of the ears came into the tradition through the allusion to David eating the shewbread. "People's New Testament". And it came to pass, that he went through the corn fields on the sabbath day; and his disciples began, as they went, to pluck the ears of corn. Mark uses also παραπορευεσται — hodon poiein to make a way like the Latin iter facere, as if through the standing grain, plucking the ears (διαπορευεσται — tillontes tous stachuas). Lit., began to make a way plucking the ears. This does not mean that the disciples broke a way for themselves through the standing corn by plucking the ears, for in that event they would have been compelled to break down the stalks. Many translations so punctuate as to place the remark on the lips of Jesus. or Lk. But these Pharisees’ preoccupation with Sabbath regulations was happening against the widespread experience of the hunger of so many of the small landholders, peasant farmers and day-labourers of Galilee. Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament. When Jesus, thus "with" his disciples, suffered them to be "poor," we may learn that poverty is not disgraceful; that God often suffers it for the good of his people; and that he will take care, in some way, that their wants shall be supplied. "Commentary on Mark 2:23". is matter of detail and minute depiction. Use the scale on the left to tell how often the verses below are googled compared to each other. But (1) the foundation on which all this is built is insecure. The situation was aggravated by the fact that much of the fertile land was owned by Pharisees, as well as by the priestly and scribal aristocracy resident in Jerusalem. When you pray you are not alone. Works of mercy and necessity for preserving our lives, and for the better fitting us for sabbath-services, are certainly lawful for the sabbath-day. 21  No man also seweth a piece of new cloth on an old garment: else the new piece that filled it up taketh away from the old, and the rent is made worse. But some religious authorities gradually encroached on the Sabbath with so many regulations that it risked no longer serving its purpose. 23. παραπ. some of the disciples picked off some ears of grain. While so doing they were interrupted by the objection of the Pharisees. Yet from the context it was also evident that this provident God was concerned essentially with what might be called “enough” – neither too little nor too much. 2. Matthew and Luke use διά , through, as Mark does, but not παρά . Assuming that the disciples made a path for their Master by pulling up the grain, with which it was overgrown, or by trampling the straw after plucking the ears, what did they do with the latter? Used by permission of Broadman Press (Southern Baptist Sunday School Board). Plucking ears would not make a path where there was none, and Jesus was walking in front of the disciples. Were the Pharisees satisfied with his answer? Copyright StatementThese files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website. Sabbath observance was linked with the creation: “And on the seventh day God finished the work that he had done, and he rested on the seventh day from all the work that he had done. BibliographyAbbott, John S. C. & Abbott, Jacob. It would therefore seem to have been inconsistent for him suddenly to make the claim to be. [The earliest manuscripts contain no punctuation whatsoever, and even later ones do not show inverted commas to indicate direct speech.] Copyright © 2020, Bible Study Tools. In light of this we understand well Jesus’ claim: The original purpose and focus of Sabbath had been utterly lost in the plethora of rules and regulations. Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments, Commentary Critical and Explanatory - Unabridged, Kretzmann's Popular Commentary of the Bible, Lange's Commentary on the Holy Scriptures.

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