Matthew brings down the descent from Abraham; Luke carries it up to Adam and so to God; and as the descent from Abraham was the most important for those children of Abraham who were looking for the fulfilment of the promises made to their forefathers, so the possibility of ascending to Adam and to God was the most important fact for the race of mankind at large, who had all fallen in Adam, and all looked for redemption through Christ. JOHN'S REBUKE OF HEROD. . The happiness and value of human life therefore consists not in the number of years, but in the internal experience of the life of God, and in the outward manifestation of every divine grace and virtue. REFLECTIONS.—1st, Great expectations had been raised concerning the son of Zacharias from his infancy; and now he appears to answer them. https: But religion opens to us a new scene of ambition, in the realms of bliss, by recommending to us beings of a superior character. Seen together, these genealogies seem to sug-gest some kind of continuity from God Æ Adam Æ Seth, and thus, by implication, https: Asa and Jothan and Solomon each saw the life which he lived from his birth to his grave; but this was not the most important part of his life. . Oh! Between Zerubbabel and Joseph St. Matthew gives only nine generations, but St. Luke seventeen; and all the names are different. "Commentary on Luke 3:38". Some people boast of their patrician birth. On this account Luke does not stop short with Adam, but adds that crowning point of the series, the Son of God. When this system was adopted, whole’ generations were freely omitted, for the sake of preserving the symmetry, provided that the fact of the succession remained undoubted (cf. If Joseph’s genealogy, as presented in either of the Gospels, determines our Lord’s birth as the lineal descendant of David, and the legal heir to the throne, his genealogy is all-important; while that of Mary, as it would not, according to Hebrew law, have decided the question of descent, would have been invalid as a document. See what a binding corner-stone the Lord Jesus is, knitting together not man to man only, Gentiles with Jews, but man with God also; and that not by a personal union only, which He hath perfected in Himself, but by a spiritual union also by which He unites all the members of His mystical body in a blessed peace and fellowship with God; and this hath He now begun, and shall perfect in the end. JOHN'S REBUKE OF HEROD. A glance at these generations which have passed away, naturally suggests a variety of reflections--plaintive, humble, and instructive. W. McGarvey and Philip Y. Pendleton. If Mary wished, she might with reason have boasted too. They shall lie down alike in the dust, and the worms shall cover them. And yet in these very genealogies of Jesus Christ there are hinted profound truths well worthy of our most serious consideration. The generations are introduced in St. Matthew by the word “begat”; in St. Luke by the genitive with the ellipse of “son.”. 1999. But here is a lineage which is older than that of William of Normandy, or Romulus, or Priam, or Nimrod, or Adam. Whatever we may fancy of our refinements upon wickedness, it will appear that we can no more out-act the vices than the virtues of our predecessors. The life of John the Baptist divides itself into three distinct periods. To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient, John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament, Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible, Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament, Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments, George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, Kretzmann's Popular Commentary of the Bible, Lange's Commentary on the Holy Scriptures. which was the son of Adam. After a multitude of others had been baptized, at last Jesus also comes to John, and is baptized of him in Jordan: when, looking up in prayer to his Father, instantly the heavens were opened, and the Holy Ghost in a bodily shape descended upon him, both to qualify him for his mediatorial work, and to be a sign to John that he was the Messiah; which was farther confirmed by an audible voice from heaven, God the Father testifying his delight in this Son of his love, and his perfect satisfaction in his undertaking. https: It teaches gentleness and thoughtfulness and politeness towards all. ), In the first Gospel the genealogy of Jesus is placed at the very beginning of the narrative. 11:1; Matt. Bible > Interlinear > Luke 3:38 Luke 3:38 Luke 3 - Click for Chapter. Dry as the long list of names in Luke may seem, it may truly be said that no passage of Scripture contains more of the essence of the gospel; Jesus is the true second Adam, because He is linked with the first; Jesus and Adam are the two heads of the human race, and they are both of them sons of God, Adam by creation, Jesus Christ by eternal generation; and so it may be said that the genealogical chain, by which Luke linked the first Adam and the second Adam together, is that chain upon which the redemption of mankind and all human hopes depend. https: Their employment, though in general odious to the people, was not in itself unlawful, while they demeaned themselves in it with justice and integrity. https: A single adoption, and a single levirate marriage, account for the apparent discrepancies. At the same time he sees that he is the jest of fools, and scarcely pitied by the wise and good; the scorn and derision of all around him, and not so much as the favourite of himself. Genesis 2:7 And the Lord God formed man of the slime of the earth: and breathed into his face the breath of life, and man became a living soul.


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