But you also want to install them with 1/4 inch between the boards for drainage. Call 811 to mark any underground utility lines. He lives in Minneapolis, MN. Use two 2-inch decking screws to secure each board at each joist location. Leave a 1/4-inch gap between each decking board to allow for drainage. 0000038502 00000 n 0000015342 00000 n An easy scale to use is 1 square = 1 foot. The first step is to create a plan. 0000003843 00000 n 0000023472 00000 n @>wX� \�*, Also note that the actual measurement of the thickness of a 5/4-inch board is usually 1 inch. See our Deck Planning and Materials Buying Guide to get details on different options. 0000025494 00000 n Then, sketch joists running every 18 inches (three grid squares) in both directions from the middle joist. See our video Why Is a 2 x 4 Not 2 by 4? ft.) A few more feet sets the scene with space for a dining table. When planning size, make sure you'll have enough room for your outdoor furniture and that you'll have enough room to move around. With this free plan, you'll find a tools list, materials list, color photos, step-by-step directions, and even a video. 0000007174 00000 n Z��F���#m���v���%O��|.���I�҅��1���H׮���v��R��>�k���s�ڷ:��Uo;\tx��1�q���K���"��zHg�������!l���i��->���1�^`���)s ��,xA�;d��Z��"�c�a��n� Precast deck piers are available at home centers. Next, sketch in a center joist to run down the middle of your deck. He has been writing and editing books and articles on gardening, home improvement, woodworking, and home decor for more than 30 years. If the lumber is wet — it typically is when delivered from the store — butt it together tightly when building. i��Bp3�^�S�n�t�\��n�t�0�XH��bM�:Z��S;l8< y%�}�Œ. In regions with high winds, freestanding floating decks like this may not be allowed. Mark the width of the deck on the house as well to help you position the frame later. You don’t have to measure the length and width of the deck if you don’t want to cover the entire thing. 0000029000 00000 n !how to How To Build A 12x14 Deck for About 150$ in parts. Continue attaching the rim joist to the end of each upright joist, using three screws for each joist. 0000014539 00000 n In our example, ordering one extra 2 x 6 and at least one extra decking board would be a good idea. ft.) Boost the ambiance with a grill or umbrella. Continue positioning the joists in the remaining rows of piers. 0000002772 00000 n You can weight down the landscape fabric with bricks or stones. The only difficult part of the construction is making sure the piers are properly aligned and perfectly level before you install the support joists. When you have a solid plan, you can mark the layout with strings and batter boards made from 2-foot furring strips and screws. 0000013116 00000 n Mark the post hole locations on the ground with paint. Synthetic composite decking boards require no finish. 0000001791 00000 n If you have sketched accurately during the planning stage, your sketch will be an easy-to-follow map for construction. For example, if you just want to build a square pergola in the middle of a larger deck, you can make it 10 ft (3.0 m) by 10 ft (3.0 m). 0000010976 00000 n This notes the top of the posts. You’ll often see decking boards listed with a common (or nominal) measurement of 5/4 inch thick. These decking boards run perpendicular to the rest of the decking, creating an eye-catching design. A 12v battery. Select This Size. Some math is required here, since the actual dimension of 1 x 6 boards is really about 5-1/2 inches. 0000020145 00000 n Check the spacing between the piers, and make sure the overhang on both ends of the joist is about the same. Sketch in the rim joists and outside joist. You can eliminate some of the necessary posts by attaching a ledger board to your house, but it can cause problems later if not done right. 0000025098 00000 n DIY Network has a completely free plan that will help you complete a DIY deck in just a few days. Now begin cutting and fitting the surface decking boards across the top of the joist framework. 24 0 obj <> endobj xref 24 58 0000000016 00000 n With the 2 x 6 joists we are using, we recommend that there be pier supports spaced no more than 4 feet apart to make for a very sturdy deck structure. Use fasteners and hardware labeled for treated lumber — stainless-steel or hot-dipped, galvanized screws. Hunker may earn compensation through affiliate links in this story. This kind of deck serves more like a patio than a traditional deck, and because it requires no railings or stairways, and because it is free-standing and not anchored permanently to your home, it is not regarded by law as an extension of the permanent structure. Select This Size. 0000019149 00000 n 0000107896 00000 n The last joists can stop as much as 6 inches from the edge of the deck. Typically, wood decks are built using fasteners that are visible, and often faster and easier to install. The tops of the piers have cross slots into which support joists rest. 0000025969 00000 n After you've laid out the posts, mark the height of the deck and posts on the house. Decks of this sort are subject to all kinds of building codes, and to be in compliance with the law you must apply for a building permit and have the structure inspected at different points during the construction. 0000011455 00000 n A helper is useful at this point to hold each joist perfectly upright as you drive the screws. Don't use pressure-treated wood as mulch. Wear a dust mask and eye protection when handling or cutting wood. Link to Lowe's Home Improvement Home Page, How to Build a Deck: Wood Decking and Railings, How to Build a Deck: Composite Stairs and Stair Railings, How to Build a Deck: Post Holes and Deck Framing, How to Build a Deck: Composite Decking and Deck Railings, How to Build a Deck: Post Holes and Framing. A freestanding deck should be no more than one inch away from the house. As an alternative, consider upgrading the decking and railings with composite materials (bottom right). In order to keep the deck quite low to the ground, we are using 2 x 6 lumber for the underlying joists and also for the perimeter rim joists. 0000008360 00000 n The other two joist that run parallel to the support joists are simply known as ​outside joists​. Cedar decking boards are a favorite, but you can also cover your deck with composite decking for better durability.

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