In some cases, this involved donning what may have been elaborately prepared Mohawk costumes. The Townshend Acts passed by Parliament in 1767 and imposing duties on various products imported into the British colonies had raised such a storm of colonial protest and noncompliance that they were repealed in 1770, saving the duty on tea, which was retained by Parliament to demonstrate its presumed right to raise such colonial revenue without colonial approval. ", "Benjamin Franklin's Views on The Boston Tea Party", "The Annual RPI and Average Earnings for Britain, 1209 to Present (New Series)", "Boston Tea Party - United States History", http://www.masshist.org/publications/apde/portia.php?id=DJA02d100, "Ron Paul's "tea party" breaks fund-raising record", Tea Party Finds Inspiration In Boston History, BBC Radio program about the 'forgotten truth' behind the Boston Tea Party, Eyewitness to History: The Boston Tea Party, 1773, Conscientious objection to military taxation, List of historical acts of tax resistance, National War Tax Resistance Coordinating Committee, The Cold War and the Income Tax: A Protest, Clerk of the Massachusetts House of Representatives, 1766—1774, Probable author, 1768–1769 "Journal of Occurrences", Arranged Christopher Seider funeral, 1770, Co-inspired and publicized, Boston Tea Party, Co-author, 1775 "Letter to the inhabitants of Canada", Signed, United States Declaration of Independence, Samuel Adams and Paul Revere time capsule, 1st and 3rd Governor of Massachusetts, 1780–1785, 1787–1793, President, 2nd Continential Congress, 1775–1777, President, Massachusetts Provincial Congress, Chairman, Massachusetts Committee of Safety, Presided over, signed, United States Declaration of Independence, Co-founder, American Academy of Arts and Sciences, United States presidential election, 1788–89, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Boston_Tea_Party&oldid=989537967, Political repression in the United States, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, All Wikipedia articles written in American English, Articles lacking reliable references from August 2018, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, To protest British Parliament's tax on tea. It was the first company to market flavored teas with its Mint-In-Tea. [93], 1773 American protest against British taxation. John Adams and many other Americans considered tea drinking to be unpatriotic following the Boston Tea Party. [59] The mass meeting passed a resolution, introduced by Adams and based on a similar set of resolutions promulgated earlier in Philadelphia, urging the captain of Dartmouth to send the ship back without paying the import duty. [66], That evening, a group of 30 to 130 men, some dressed in the Mohawk warrior disguises, boarded the three vessels and, over the course of three hours, dumped all 342 chests of tea into the water. [55], In every colony except Massachusetts, protesters were able to force the tea consignees to resign or to return the tea to England. Notably, owners of Amgoori respect the workers unlike other owners of tea gardens in Assam. Merchants organized a non-importation agreement, and many colonists pledged to abstain from drinking British tea, with activists in New England promoting alternatives, such as domestic Labrador tea. Colonists, however, did not elect members of Parliament, and so American Whigs argued that the colonies could not be taxed by that body. Demonstrators, some disguised as Native Americans, destroyed an enti… [51] There were mass protest meetings in Philadelphia. [54] The tea ship bound for New York City was delayed by bad weather; by the time it arrived, the consignees had resigned, and the ship returned to England with the tea. In March 1774, the Sons of Liberty received information that this tea was being held in a warehouse in Boston, entered the warehouse and destroyed all they could find. [67] The precise location of the Griffin's Wharf site of the Tea Party has been subject to prolonged uncertainty; a comprehensive study[68] places it near the foot of Hutchinson Street (today's Pearl Street). Around 60 colonists dumped 30 chests of tea into the water. Benjamin Rush urged his fellow countrymen to oppose the landing of the tea, because the cargo contained "the seeds of slavery". We are a West country born & family owned independent small café chain serving simply & well prepared food & drinks made with great ingredients, skill and love. $1.7 million US]). In retaliation, Parliament passed the series of punitive measures known in the colonies as the Intolerable Acts, including the Boston Port Bill, which shut off the city’s sea trade pending payment for the destroyed tea. [28] The best market for the East India Company's surplus tea, so it seemed, was the American colonies, if a way could be found to make it cheaper than the smuggled Dutch tea. The Tea Party was the culmination of a resistance movement throughout British America against the Tea Act, which had been passed by the British Parliament in 1773. The act granted the EIC a monopoly on the sale of tea that was cheaper than smuggled tea; its hidden purpose was to force the colonists to pay a tax of 3 pennies on every pound of tea. Sign up to receive news, product updates, and the latest promotional offers. [45] Some regarded the purpose of the tax program—to make leading officials independent of colonial influence—as a dangerous infringement of colonial rights. The British government’s efforts to single out Massachusetts for punishment served only to unite the colonies and impel the drift toward war. A delightful blend of Orange Pekoe Tea and Kentucky Mint. Dutied British tea continued to be imported into Boston, however, especially by Richard Clarke and the sons of Massachusetts Governor Thomas Hutchinson, until pressure from Massachusetts Whigs compelled them to abide by the non-importation agreement. The Boston Tea Company began with the Boston Tea Party that sparked the American Revolution and was the first company to market flavored teas with the introduction of its Boston's Mint-In-Tea. Controversy between Great Britain and the colonies arose in the 1760s when Parliament sought, for the first time, to impose a direct tax on the colonies for the purpose of raising revenue. It's all ethically sourced, affordable & feel-good - made from scratch onsite everyday. They boarded the ships and threw the chests of tea into the Boston Harbor. The target was the Tea Act of May 10, 1773, which allowed the British East India Company to sell tea from China in American colonies without paying taxes apart from those imposed by the Townshend Acts. [77] Robert Murray, a New York merchant, went to Lord North with three other merchants and offered to pay for the losses, but the offer was turned down.[78]. The Boston Tea Party (1773) in Boston Harbor, as depicted in a Currier & Ives lithograph. The familiar "no taxation without representation" argument, along with the question of the extent of Parliament's authority in the colonies, remained prominent. Boston Tea Party Ships & Museum® is a registered service mark of Historic Tours of America®, Inc. Order Boston Tea's classic and most popular Mint-In-Tea and reconnect with the original American brewed tea. The Prime Minister Lord North said, "Whatever may be the consequence, we must risk something; if we do not, all is over". In response, several colonists stormed the tea ships and tossed the cargo overboard. Website Terms In February 1775, Britain passed the Conciliatory Resolution, which ended taxation for any colony that satisfactorily provided for the imperial defense and the upkeep of imperial officers. [73] He argued that the Tea Party was not the act of a lawless mob, but was instead a principled protest and the only remaining option the people had to defend their constitutional rights. "[36], Even with the Townshend duty in effect, the Tea Act would allow the East India Company to sell tea more cheaply than before, undercutting the prices offered by smugglers, but also undercutting colonial tea importers, who paid the tax and received no refund. The price of legally imported tea was actually reduced by the Tea Act of 1773. The Boston Tea Company began with the Boston Tea Party in 1773 and was founded in 1949. Corrections? A number of colonists were inspired by the Boston Tea Party to carry out similar acts, such as the burning of Peggy Stewart. Demonstrators, some disguised as Native Americans, destroyed an entire shipment of tea sent by the East India Company. The crisis escalated, and the American Revolutionary War began near Boston in 1775. The Intolerable Acts were viewed as a violation of constitutional rights, natural rights, and colonial charters, and united many colonists throughout America,[79] exemplified by the calling of the First Continental Congress in September 1774. The Boston Tea Party was a significant event in the growth of the American Revolution. The tea destroyed during the Boston Tea Party was described as “Bohea” type. In July 1773, tea consignees were selected in New York, Philadelphia, Boston, and Charleston. He convinced the tea consignees, two of whom were his sons, not to back down. The incident resulted in a similar effect in America when news of the Boston Tea Party reached London in January and Parliament responded with a series of acts known collectively in the colonies as the Intolerable Acts.

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