Proper almond variety selection can mean the difference between the commercial success or failure of an orchard. It has a good market and is often sold as Carmel. FANCY The highest grade—typically appropriate for products where the visual appeal of the almond is critical to the application. Full bloom timing for common varieties – Almond Regional Variety Trial, Chico. It is susceptible to a range of diseases similar to other early blooming varieties such as Ne Plus Ultra and Peerless. Nonpareil, the most valuable and widely planted proven variety, is a hallmark of the California industry developed in 1879 by A.T. Hatch in Suisun. The late harvest date makes Fritz a very risky option for planting in the Sacramento Valley. Neplus Ultra. This article is the third and final in a series on choosing almond varieties. In some years, Sonora may bloom too early to be set well by Nonpareil and may have a light crop if there are no other varieties in the orchard with open flowers near the beginning of Sonora bloom. Almond Variety Price History. The tree is slightly smaller in size thank Nonpareil. Consult a pollen compatibility chart. It produces a quality nut that receives a premium in certain markets and it harvests with the Carmel group. Bud failure in 2nd through 5th leaf has the greatest impact on productivity. The variety usually has a heavy bloom but often a moderate yield. Start date . Popular early pollenizer choices for Nonpareil include Aldrich, Peerless and Winters. This variety has very good yield potential, but harvests last among currently planted varieties in the state – about 45 days after Nonpareil. Another great almond for the home orchard is neplus ultra. The numbers in the column heads indicate the days before (-) or after (+) peak Nonpariel bloom. Source: Almond Production Manual, W. Micke, Ed., ANR Pub. Your email address will not be published. Sonora harvests right after the Nonpareil group. Winters blooms between Sonora and Aldrich, roughly 3 days ahead of Nonpareil and has an extended bloom that covers Nonpareil well. Almond Rootstocks - comparison table for DWN almond rootstocks includes anchorage and relative tolerances to common soil-borne pests. For a copy of the printed version ... Almond Variety & Rootstock Field Guide. Fritz is an excellent pollenizer for Nonpareil, blooming with or slightly after Nonpareil. Monterey is an effective pollenizer for late Nonpareil bloom and is an excellent producer. Aldrich blooms just ahead of Nonpareil and is a common early pollenizer for Nonpareil in the Sacramento Valley. The tree is very upright and vigorous, can be difficult to train by pruning, and the tallest upright limbs may need to be thinned periodically to control tree height. It’s susceptible to diseases much like Carmel and has experienced anthracnose outbreaks in wet years. Pollen incompatability groups (bold headings). Experiments with alternating varieties down the row or increasing the Nonpareil percentage have not proven significantly better in yield or value than alternating solid rows and the arrangement is more costly to harvest. The presence of another early blooming variety can mitigate this problem. Popular varieties that are frequently planted to cover the mid to later part of the Nonpareil bloom include Carmel, Fritz, Wood Colony, Butte and Monterey. Proper almond variety selection can mean the difference between the commercial success or failure of an orchard. except that two or more varieties of almonds are mixed. Bloom, tree, crop, harvest and cultural descriptors for DWN commercial almond varieties. SIZE Unless otherwise specifi ed, 28/64" in thickness. Portuguese variety. Before selecting a nursery to supply Carmel, have the nursery field representative show you established orchards of varying ages in your region. Download Chart of Fruit & Nut Harvest Dates. It blooms three to eight days before Nonpareil and can cross-pollinate Nonpareil quite well depending on bloom date. Note: This table is based primarily on results of the Manteca Variety trial. Bloom occurs approximately the third week in February, harvest at the end of August. Bloom, tree, crop, harvest and cultural descriptors for DWN commercial almond varieties. There are far more choices to select from when choosing a later blooming variety for Nonpareil pollination. Later flowering than other Portuguese varieties. " Butte is mature and ready for harvest about the same time as Aldrich, just prior to Carmel but after Price. Table 4. There are six primary marketing categories for California almonds (Table 5). U.S. … ---Number of days before or after Nonpareil full bloom (80% of flowers open)---. Price History for California Inshell Almonds. The Nonpareil almond is a flat medium-sized kernel with a characteristically paper-thin shell that is poorly sealed. Carmel is also sensitive to a serious genetic disorder — noninfectious bud failure or “crazy top”. Relative pest and disease tolerances for DWN almond rootstocks. Carmel produces a high quality nut with a good shell seal. California Almonds are highly versatile and available in numerous varieties and forms suitable for diverse product applications. Varieties listed under each bold heading are not compatible with other varieties in the same group. Sacramento Valley weather often spreads out bloom, so having at least three different compatible varieties in an orchard may provide the best chance for setting a commercial crop. Relative pest and disease tolerances for DWN almond rootstocks. Varieties vary significantly in rootstock compatibility, pollen compatibility, bloom timing, harvest timing, sensitivity to different pests or diseases, and market acceptance/value. — 2018 Edition — Almond Varieties - bloom, tree, crop, harvest and cultural descriptors for DWN commercial almond varieties.. Almond Rootstocks - comparison table for DWN almond rootstocks includes anchorage and relative tolerances to common soil-borne pests. It is susceptible to anthracnose in wet springs. Date of sale $ per pound Previous % Change. 8/14/2020 1.42 1.50-5.33 . Butte has been used to pollinate the late Nonpareil bloom. Its nuts fit into the California marketing group and harvest timing is with the Butte group. Sonora, an early pollenizer for Nonpareil, produces a valuable nut but in some years has had disappointing yield if it bloomed too early to effectively cross pollinate with Nonpareil. Marketing categories by variety kernel characteristics. Table 3. Compatability of important almond varieties with Mariana 2624 plum rootstock. 7/06/2020 1.50 1.52-1.32 . It’s an old variety but until expansion of the in-shell market it was not planted much due to its high percentage of double kernels which reduced the quality and value of this nut depending on the processor. Early flowering. Table 5. 19-22% yield on shelling. This article is the third and final in a series on choosing almond varieties. A major issue in Sacramento Valley almond orchards is the compatibility of certain varieties with plum rootstocks (Table 4), which survive in wet, heavy soils in winter better than peach seedling or peach/almond hybrid. Orchards are commonly planted with every other row a Nonpareil row alternating with earlier and later pollenizers to optimize the pollination potential for the Nonpareil. 8/20/2020 1.50 1.42 5.63 . Quite early flowering. " Date . Source: Almond Production Manual, W. Micke, Ed., ANR Pub. Varieties vary significantly in rootstock compatibility, pollen compatibility, bloom timing, harvest timing, sensitivity to different pests or diseases, and market acceptance/value. U.S. The numbers in the column heads indicate the days before (-) or after (+) peak Nonpariel bloom. Monterey is harvested late in the harvest season, sometimes as much as 5-6 weeks after Nonpareil, roughly with Mission. 1 Similar to U.S. Fancy—ideal for food applications where the appearance Certain nursery lines have a very low incidence of bud failure. Carmel is one of the smaller varieties, so if space is an issue, this is the one for you. Your source for orchard news & information in the Sacramento Valley. Required fields are marked *, Copyright 2016 SacramentoValleyOrchards.com | Contact Us | Privacy Policy. Nonpareil is not compatible with Marianna 2624 or M40, but appears compatible with Krymsk 86. Orchard planted in 1993. Verdal" Quite large an almond, flattened and with a very good taste. At this time, all established and thoroughly field tested almond varieties are self-incompatible, requiring pollen from a different, compatible variety for successful pollination (Table 1).

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